III. EFFECTIVE DECISION MAKING A. Write out the 8 steps in the scientific Decision Making process. This subject is covered in Module 5 in Canvas, and Chapter 7 of the iBook. B. Choose any two steps to explain fully. Which two steps of the 8-step decision making process do you feel are the most vital to ensure a successful outcome? How do managers rely on these two steps you choose to explain? IIII. HUMAN RESOURCES & EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION Module 8 in Canvas, and Ch. 11 in our course iBook explains how Expectancy Theory is a leadership model predicting that high effort will lead to high performance (expectancy). Founded by Victor Vroom, in the study of organizational behavior, expectancy theory is a motivation theory suggesting performance results from motivated effort. Most employees view compensation as a key motivational factor to support effort and performance. However oftentimes, money is not an individual’s key motivator. Individuals also tend to be motivated by mastery, autonomy, or purpose (as founded in Frederick Herzberg’s motivation theory). These concepts are also addressed in the Dan Pink video posted in Canvas titled “The Puzzle of Motivation.” Choose between Mastery, Autonomy, or Purpose, or another key motivator you believe strongly encourages individuals to perform. Choose only one, and explain how an organization utilizes the motivational strategy to its benefit in managing and incentivizing employee performance. Chapter 11 in our iBook details various motivational theories you can apply your to your choice. A successful answer to this question will include: A. one chosen motivator (Mastery, Autonomy, Purpose, or another of your choice), B. an example of how an employer capitalizes on human interest in that motivator, C. And include another motivational theory that supports the strategy. This requires research and/or the iBook Chapter 11. V. LEADERSHIP (worth 15 points) This term we learned various leadership styles, behaviors, and dimensions. See Module 9 in Canvas and Ch. 9 of the course iBook. In particular in Canvas, review Daniel Goleman’s article “Leadership that gets Results.” Write a personal reflection on your leadership propensity. Consider the well-known styles of leadership and dimensions of leadership, and choose the appropriate style and description for yourself. Provide examples and support of why you believe these are your leadership tendencies. This should include two paragraphs minimum. Choose one of these 3 Leadership Styles: 1. Authoritative, or 2. Pacesetting, or 3. Democratic, or 4. Affiliative, or 5. Lassez-Faire Choose several of these 12 Leadership Dimensions: IntegritySelf RenewalFortitude PerceivingJudgmentPerforming BoldnessTeam BuildingCollaboration InspiringServingEnthusiasm VI. LEADERSHIP VS. MANAGEMENT This term we studied both leadership and management. There is merit for utilizing each inside an organization. Explain in detail whether you think you are more of a manager or a leader. Explain your answer fully. Support your answer with information learned this term. Consider these items and more from the content in the iBook and presentations in Canvas: Do you describe yourself as transformational or transactional? When and where do you serve as a leader? What does your Leadership Behavior Practices assessment results (Module 9) tell you about yourself and your preferred way to behave as a leader? What does your Emotional Intelligence assessment profile (Module 10-11) tell you about yourself and your ability to Manage OR Lead?