1) Many centuries lie between the composition of the Anglo-Saxon epic Beowulf and Shakespeare’s tragedy Macbeth. However, both works show how society then relied upon the relationship between a King and those who owed him service or allegiance. Contrast how kingship “works” in Beowulf with how kingship “fails” in Macbeth. 2) There are many different ways that inhabitants saw the city of London in the eighteenth-century. Contrast the perspectives of Mr. Spectator in “The Royal Exchange” and Blake’s speaker in “London.” In what ways are the two perspectives different? Do they show us two different sides of what was then the world’s largest city? 3)Both Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko and Richard Steele’s “Yarico and Inkle” (from The Spectator) contrast European values (and character) with the values and character of colonized peoples. Explain what each author sees in this opposition of European and colonized, discussing whether their insights are similar. 4) Describe (in as much detail as time permits) the two different kinds of imagery that William Blake uses to contrast the world of Innocence and the world of Experience. 5) Many critics see the “The Lady of Shallot” and “Goblin Market” as commenting on the “Woman Problem” of the Victorian era. How are the two poems similar in portraying the difficulties faced by women during the nineteenth century?