Discuss the impact of HIV treatment advances on risk behaviors

HEA 211
The exam has been provided to you on the first day of class so you are free to begin working on it whenever you want as long as it is submitted before the deadline. There are four questions. You must answer all four questions. Each question is worth 25 points. The exam is worth a total of 100 points.
Conduct three short interviews with people from your surroundings (friends, colleagues, relatives). You will then write a report of these interviews. Discuss what you learned from this exercise and relate it to material covered in this course.

Use the following questions as your guide:
a) Do you know (or knew) people with HIV/AIDS? Describe your experience with them.
b) Do you think HIV/AIDS is still a major problem in the US? Explain why or why not.
c) What are your views about “risk groups”?
d) Why is it that the African continent (or the Third World in general) is affected so strongly by HIV/AIDS?
e) Do you think HIV/AIDS is still a stigmatized disease?

Note: You can ask the same questions with all three interviewees. You are expected to come up with an additional 2-3 questions on your own. Write a summary and analysis of the interview results and a conclusion. The names of your interviewees are to be kept anonymous but provide a brief background on the person (age, gender, occupation, educational level, relationship to you).

Design a small HIV/AIDS-related awareness project that is geared toward a specific audience in your local community. Identify where this proposed project would be implemented. Examples include your place of employment, gym, place of worship, local library, community organization, etc. Projects can range from talks to high school students or senior citizens, designing posters or pamphlets, organizing fundraisers for local HIV/AIDS organizations etc.

Describe the following in your plan (be as detailed as possible):
a) Name of project (come up with a catchy title)
b) Identify target audience (and explain why you chose this group)
c) Choose setting for your project
d) Duration of project
e) Goals
f) Describe how your project will be implemented
g) How much will your project cost? What resources would you need? How will you obtain the funds and resources?
h) How will you assess the effectiveness of your project

Case scenario. Your friend confides in you that he/she has engaged in unprotected sex with several partners over the past six months and is worried about contracting HIV. However, he/she is reluctant to get tested. Explain how you would encourage someone like this to get tested.

Include the following in your answer:
a) Why testing for HIV is so important.
b) What tests are used to detect HIV
c) Difference between a false positive and a false negative result
d) What is a rapid test and what types of rapid tests are available
e) Pros and cons of new HIV testing kits that can be done at home (e.g., Oraquick)
f) Who should get tested
g) Should HIV testing should be mandatory for everyone
h) When should young people get tested
i) How can we do a better job encouraging more people to get tested

You have been asked to write a newspaper editorial in your local paper about the need for more funding for HIV/AIDS treatment in the US.

Address the following:
a) Why treatment is important
b) When treatment should be initiated for someone with HIV
c) What are the stages of the disease without treatment and prognosis
d) What are some side effects of the current HIV drugs
e) What are some challenges associated with taking HIV drugs
f) Discuss issues related to non-adherence to treatment
g) Discuss the impact of HIV treatment advances on risk behaviors
h) Political and social factors influencing policies relating to HIV treatment funding