How long does it take to get a visa for work compared to getting a tourist visa?

Using vetted government sources (for example, the Census Bureau (USCB), the Congressional Research Service (CRS) and the US Customs and Border Protection (USCBP) of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)) or or non-political research and advocacy sources (for example, the Pew Foundation and Brookings Institute (research),or The American Immigration Council and Migration Policy Institute (advocacy) create a short research report about Temporary Protected Status (TPS) in the United States for refugees and about immigrants coming to the US for work. For each question answered, document the source you used to obtain the answer. Be sure to use a source known to be objective and not politically biased in terms of supporting a particular position on immigration. Take care in selecting your sources, there are many sources on the internet that have a political bias or objective, but present themselves otherwise.Explore the following questions related to Temporary Protected Status of refugees coming to the US. (Two points for each question answered with documented sources to support your answer.)1.Describe what Temporary Protected Status (TPS) is under US Immigration Policy and to whom it applies. Of those who have TPS, from what countries did they come from since 2000?2.How many migrants or migrant families coming from Central America through Mexico are claiming to be in fear of their lives today as compare to ten years ago?3.How does a person apply for TPS in the United States? How long does it take for a person to be processed as a refugee once they come across the border? Do those offered TPS status in the US become productive members of society or not?4.Now let’s explore immigration policies for individuals seeking admittance to the US to work. TWO points for each question answered with documented sources to support the answer.5.If you are from Mexico and want to come to the US to work, like the Lions have done, how do you apply for a temporary work visa and for a permanent work visa (a green card) ?6.How long does it take to get a visa for work compared to getting a tourist visa? How long can you stay in the US on a temporary work visa compared to a tourist visa?7.Of all immigrants obtaining temporary work visas, what nations are they from and what jobs are they seeking? Are there any education or training requirements for receiving a work visa?8.What American industries (tech, agricultural, manufacturing) seek immigrants out to become workers? What percentage of workers in those industries are immigrants?9.What percentage of immigrants applying for permanent work visas (green cards) from Europe, Canada, Asia, and Central America are selected to receive them? What is the quota policy from each continent or specific nation? In other words, does the US favor immigrants from certain continents over other immigrants?