What is modernity?

Module 4 – SLPATTEMPTING MODERNITY IN THE MIDDLE EAST 1800–1912This article by Bernard Lewis asks important questions about why Middle Eastern countries are often ambivalent about modernization. In the process, he reviews the key elements that create modernity, the theme of this course. Many of the elements of the modern world system he discusses will now be familiar. Others, such as the role of individualism, the separation of church and state, and women’s rights, we have not had time to discuss. By creating this overview and asking what is uniquely part of Western culture and what is beyond culture, Lewis provides a capstone to the last three modules. His erudite musings help us ask: What is modernity? How did it come about? And where is it going?Read the information in the following article:Lewis, B. (1997). The West and the Middle East. Foreign Affairs. January/February.https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/middle-east/1997-01-01/west-and-middle-eastAnswer the following questions:What parts of the modern world does Lewis assign an origin in Western culture?What does Lewis mean by civil society?What part of the modern world developed in Islamic regions?What aspect of global modernity does Lewis believe has emerged from its identification with one or more cultures?