* Defining innovation in strategic management, economic theory, and state policy. * Identifying Innovation linked models and innovation capabilities. Review of many models like input-output and others on state level, as well as innovation capabilities and creative destruction on the business level * Measuring innovation and creating innovation indices. Review of previous measurement models and methodologies for creating innovation index as a quantitative application like global innovation index and others, followed by review of variables used in building innovation constructs. * Comparative analysis of National innovation policy in Europe and OECD. Comparatively review the innovation policies adopted by states to spur innovation followed by country policy reviews from Sweden, Switzerland, Germany and Netherlands.